The term refers to steps you take to make sure you are safe before, during, and after an emergency or natural disaster. These plans are important for your safety in both natural and man-made disasters. Emergencies can create a variety of hazards for workers in the affected area. Preparing before an emergency incident plays a vital role in ensuring that employers and workers have the necessary equipment, know where to go, and know how to stay safe when an emergency occurs.
These emergency preparedness and response pages provide information on how to prepare and train for emergencies and the hazards to consider when an emergency occurs. The pages provide information for employers and workers in all industries, and for workers who will respond to the emergency. Emergency Preparedness Means Planning Ahead for an Emergency. During an emergency, you may need resources to survive on your own for several days.
After an emergency, you may have to survive on your own for several days. Being prepared means having your own food, water, and other supplies to last several days. A disaster supply kit is a collection of basic items that your home may need in case of an emergency. Emergency preparedness encompasses planning and response to disasters.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a disaster as a sudden phenomenon of sufficient magnitude to overwhelm the resources of a hospital, region or location that requires external support. By this definition, a disaster could be as massive as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, or as small as a single patient with an infectious disease. The definition of a disaster ultimately depends on the type of event, the timing, the severity of the illness or injury, local preparedness, and available resources. Disasters are internal or external disasters.
Internal disasters are events that occur within the walls of the hospital itself, such as an active shooter, a power outage, or exposure to radiation. Every effort should be made to ensure that all exposed employees are safely evacuated in an emergency. These organizations provide additional recommendations and requirements regarding shelter in place and emergency planning. Early preparedness should also involve stockpiling an emergency preparedness kit that can be obtained quickly in any situation.
A novel coronavirus similar to but not identical to the viruses that cause Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome has emerged from China, and is causing human cases of pneumonia-like diseases in several countries. Emergency Preparedness and Response Resources This directory provides links to additional information on a variety of types of emergencies, as well as resources for emergency response personnel. Employers should also be familiar with the consensus standards of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and other standard-setting organizations, as they may provide additional recommendations and requirements on planning emergencies. After reviewing the emergency action plan with workers and making sure everyone has completed proper training, it's a good idea to conduct practice drills as often as necessary to keep workers prepared.
In addition to a coordinator, designate and train workers as evacuation guards to help move workers from hazardous areas to safe areas during an emergency (see 29 CFR 1910.38 (e) and 1926.35 (e) (). Employers should work with emergency response organizations in their jurisdictions to ensure that organizations are prepared to respond and safely conduct necessary rescue operations that may pose unique or particularly dangerous conditions for emergency responders. American Red Cross website with links to resources on personal emergency kits, emergency planning and communications. The Emergency Preparedness and Response Program (EPR) prepares, responds to and investigates chemical, biological, radiological and natural disasters.
It is essential that workers know who the coordinator is and understand that the coordinator has the authority to make decisions during emergencies. The plan should describe how workers will respond to different types of emergencies, taking into account the specific layout of the workplace, structural features and emergency systems. Prepare to protect your health and that of your family from the impacts of a disaster or emergency on public health and healthcare systems. .